cycloidal gearbox cycloidal gearboxes
Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers contain four simple components: a high-speed input shaft, a single or compound cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The insight shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In compound reducers, the first an eye on the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam followers in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers act as teeth on the internal gear, and the number of cam fans exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam followers on the result shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the result shaft, thus raising torque and reducing quickness.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes provide ratios ranging from as low as 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking phases, as in regular planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and may be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the gradual quickness output shaft (flange).
There are many commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations are based on gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share basic design concepts but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three simple force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or even more satellite or planet gears, and an internal ring gear. In an average gearbox, the sun equipment attaches to the input shaft, which is connected to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, in turn, rotate in the stationary ring gear. The ring equipment is section of the gearbox casing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts connected to the earth carrier and trigger the earth carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the output shaft. The gearbox provides output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.
Planetary gearboxes generally have one or two-gear stages for reduction ratios ranging from 3:1 to 100:1. A third stage can be added for actually higher ratios, nonetheless it is not common.
The ratio of a planetary gearbox is calculated using the following formula:
where nring = the number of teeth in the internal ring gear and nsun = the amount of the teeth in the pinion (input) gear.
Benefits of cycloidal gearboxes
• Zero or very-low backlash remains relatively constant during life of the application
• Rolling instead of sliding contact
• Low wear
• Shock-load capacity
• Torsional stiffness
• Flat, pancake design
• Ratios exceeding 200:1 in a concise size
• Quiet operation
Ever-Power Cycloidal Gear technology may be the far superior choice in comparison with traditional planetary and cam indexing gadgets.